What the Guidelines Cover
The primary focuses of the PASS Guidelines are physical security and life safety, and recommendations are limited to related policies, procedures, equipment and technology. Modern and effective security infrastructure is an essential element of any comprehensive school safety and security strategy, but not the only element. When other prevention efforts fail, facility security measures are critical to protection, mitigation and response. The Guidelines do not address every risk and every situation and, importantly, do not include product-specific recommendations.
Why Use the PASS Guidelines
- Support School Risk Assessments
- Develop School Safety & Security Plans
- Avoid Common School Safety & Security Pitfalls
- Inform Standards Development
- Strengthen School Grant Proposals & Bond Measures
Who the Guidelines Are For
While the PASS School Safety and Security Guidelines provide best practices designed primarily for the team responsible for the safety and security of individual schools and entire school districts, the Guidelines are also useful for interested community members, legislators, researchers and others with a focus or interest in improving K-12 school safety and security.
Essential Concepts in the PASS School Safety and Security Guidelines
The PASS Guidelines use fundamental concepts throughout the document to help schools evaluate and prioritize their approach to safety and security:
- Layers – one of 5 physical layers
- Components – protective element within each layer
- Best Practices – recommended safety and security measures within each component
- Tier – each best practice is ranked on a tiered continuum, from 1 to 4, with higher tiers indicating increased protection
What’s New in This Edition?
The fifth-edition PASS Safety and Security Guidelines offer the most comprehensive information available on nationwide best practices specifically for securing school facilities, from subject matter experts across the education, public safety and industry sectors. This edition builds upon the existing guidelines with additional best practices for architectural elements and the use of communications systems that enhance emergency response capabilities.
Additionally, the fifth edition includes a new section that examines promising emerging technologies that are not yet included in tiered PASS recommendations but have garnered significant interest and have been piloted in schools, including vape detection and passive weapons screening technology.
Each successive layer provides specific components to deter, detect or delay adversarial behaviors in the event that other layers are bypassed or breached.
Each layer includes basic protective elements, or components, of safety and security. The PASS Guidelines focus on the following safety and security components:
- Policies and Procedures
- People (roles and training)
- Access Control
- Video Surveillance
- Detection and Alarms
- Network Infrastructure
- Visitor Management
DISCLAIMER: The Safety and Security Guidelines for K-12 Schools (the “Guidelines”) are provided for informational purposes only. The individual contributors to the Guidelines, their employers, the organizations participating in the Partner Alliance for Safer Schools (PASS) and PASS itself make no warranties or guarantees regarding the information contained in the Guidelines, and expressly disclaim all liability for damages of any kind arising out of the use, reference to or reliance on the information contained in the Guidelines. The Guidelines are not a substitute for expert professional advice that may be required to address the specific facts and circumstances related to the implementation of a particular school safety and security measure or program.