White Papers

Visitor Management Systems

July 1, 2024

Visitor Management System Best Practices to Enhance School Safety and Security

Funding for School Security

June 6, 2024

Grants can provide crucial funding to schools. This white paper outlines resources to find funding sources for school safety and security.

A female student raises her hand during class at school

Duress Systems Recommendations

July 28, 2023

Duress systems are essential to school security. This white paper outlines best practice recommendations to assist districts in selecting duress systems.

Happy female student working on laptop in classroom with classmates and looking at camera in classroom

Secure Visitor Entry Center

July 19, 2023

Visitor entry is the most critical area to secure for all schools. This white paper discusses best practices and mechanics for securing them.

The Role of Vape Sensors in Prevention Efforts to Address the Epidemic of Student E-Cigarette Use

November 22, 2022

The U.S. Surgeon General declared youth e-cigarette use to be a public health epidemic in 2018. However, student e-cigarette use continues to be pervasive and damaging. This white paper delves into the role of vape sensors in the prevention of student e-cigarette use.

PASSK12 logo

PASS Guidelines Among Department of Justice COPS’ Recommendations for Reducing School Violence

October 1, 2020

The Department of Justice’s Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) program’s document, “10 Essential Actions to Improve School Safety,” is available for free download.

students with masks

Caution Needed on Fever Screening Technologies

May 6, 2020

Thermal imaging solutions are being considered as a possible means for screening people entering schools for fever, which is a measurable symptom of COVID-19; however, safety practitioners should proceed with caution before deploying these solutions and use this guide to aid their decision process.

school safety

PASS Recommendations for Appropriate Drills: Why They Are Essential to Every School Safety Program

April 6, 2020

Creating a safe environment so children and educators can focus on learning is the goal of school security and safety professionals. Drills and exercises are part of a comprehensive approach to ensuring a safe learning environment, and our best practices should reflect this.

5 Reasons Schools Should Avoid Classroom Barricade Devices

September 9, 2019

Most K-12 security experts and school safety organizations – including the Partner Alliance for Safer Schools (PASS) – oppose the use of “barricade devices,” also known as “door blockers” or “secondary locking devices,” for five critical reasons.

active threat

What Works in Active Threat Incidents: Best Practices for the K-12 Environment

March 14, 2019

Explore observations on what worked well and some of the shortcomings evident during active threat incidents, along with best practice recommendations that align with the PASS Safety and Security Guidelines for K-12 Schools.

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The volunteers who make up the Partner Alliance for Safer Schools (PASS) bring together their research and expertise from the education, public safety, and industry communities to develop and support a coordinated approach to make effective use of proven security practices for schools. These are the same volunteers who have dedicated their time to develop these white papers.

The content in these white papers may point to specific products, brands, or organizations as illustrations of how certain safety and security measures are implemented. PASS does not endorse any products or brands and only endorses those organizations listed on the partner page on the passk12.org website.

We only facilitate the alliance that has come together under a shared vision: making all schools safer is both achievable and urgently needed.